The Lionel O Scale 0-4-0 Steam Locomotive New York Central 665 models the 0-4-0 steam locomotive. One of the first wheel arrangements designed, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad had a 0-4-0 as early as 1832. The famed "Best Friend of Charleston", built in 1830 for the South Carolina Railroad & Canal Company, was a 0-4-0. It was the first locomotive built completely in the United States. The 0-4-0 wheel arrangement was unstable at high speeds (no leading wheels) and with four driving wheels had limited tractive effort. As railroads developed larger, more complex wheel arrangements the 0-4-0s were used mainly for switching purposes. By around 1900 the 0-4-0s were phased out as newer models became available.
Historical Note: The Pennsylvania Railroad built their "A5" model, a very large 0-4-0, long after most railroads ceased using this design. Due to PRR having a tremendous number of industrial sidings in the East and Midwest, the 0-4-0 was practical and continued to be used up to the 1920s.
Road Name and History:
New York Central Railroad: One of the great Eastern Trunk Lines, the New York Central was the creation of Cornelius Vanderbilt, America's first tycoon, who through excellent management and expansion built this railroad into one of the great railroads serving the East and Midwest. The railroad was famed as the "Water Level Route" since using Hudson and Mohawk River valleys and the Great Lakes shoreline it avoided crossing the Appalachian Mountains. After the Vanderbilt family left the company's management, the NYC remained a strong railroad for the first half of the 20th Century, its reputation enhanced with the 1913 completion of Grand Central Terminal. Like its rival the Pennsylvania, the decline of heavy industry in the East, passenger train losses, and an overbuilt plant had the New York Central and Pennsylvania seeking merger that finally took place in 1968.
Recommended for Ages 14 and Up.
Model trains since 1900.