The Bachmann HO American Type 4-4-0 Steam Locomotive Union Pacific #119 models the classic 4-4-0 American Type steam locomotive. The 4-4-0 was called the "American" Type because it was the most common locomotive design through much of the 19th Century. From the patent of the 4-4-0 received by Henry Campbell in 1836, the American Type locomotive developed through technological improvement to become the most popular locomotive type in the US. By 1872 approximately 85% of the locomotives on US railroads were 4-4-0s. In the latter part of the 19th Century increasing load requirements had the railroads seeking more power and hence larger engines. (Note: Baldwin Locomotive Works, founded in the 1830s, was a huge and successful steam locomotive builder all through the Steam Era)
Road Name and History:
Union Pacific Railroad: This railroad is a big part of 19th Century US history, and is still an important part of the economy today. Legislation creating the Union Pacific was signed by President Abraham Lincoln- UP would be the eastern end of the first transcontinental railroad. In one of the most important events of the 19th Century the transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869. Celebrations were tough on the Union Pacific, where mismanagement, waste, and corruption made the company anathema to many Americans. Excellent leadership first under Jay Gould and then E. H. Harriman propelled this lagging railroad into a premier US railroad. Mr. Harriman's philosophy of pumping cash back into the railroad worked wonders, and the Union Pacific became a very successful railroad throughout the 20th Century. The merging during the 1980s and 1990s of key Western railroads Missouri Pacific, Chicago & North Western, and Southern Pacific (among many more) has positioned this huge railroad to be one of the two megasystems operating in the Western US.
Special Commemoration Locomotive: The American Type 4-4-0 Steam Locomotive Union Pacific #119 models the Union Pacific Railroad's #119 present at the driving of the Golden Spike at Promontory Summit in Utah Territory on May 10, 1969. The linking of the East and West by Transcontinental Railroad was perhaps the most important engineering feat of the 19th Century.
Locomotive: L 4 1/2 " (11.8 cm) X W 1" (2.7 cm) X H 1 1/2" (3.9 cm)
Tender: L 2 3/4" (6.9 cm) X W 1" (2.7 cm) X H 1 1/2" (3.6 cm)
Recommended for Ages 14 and Up.