The Atlas HO Gold C420 Phase 1 Diesel National de Mexico 220 models the American Locomotive Company's C420 model. Facing EMD as the dominant manufacturer of diesel locomotives, and General Electric's entry into the market, Alco in 1963 debuted their new "Century Series" of diesel locomotives. Designed to replace the RS-32, the "Century Series" featured an improved air system, traction control system, and other enhancements. The purpose was to offer a locomotive with "reduced operating costs" compared to the competition. The four axle hood unit (Road Switcher) locomotive was powered by Alco's 12 cylinder 251C engine that generated 2,000 hp. Alas, the C420 only sold 131 units between 1963 and 1968. It was looking like the US diesel locomotive market would have two competitors- and Alco was not to be one of them. Production ceased in 1969 (in the US-Montreal Locomotive Works built Alco designs in Canada after this date)
Road Name and History:
Mexican National Railway (Ferrocarriles Nacionales de Mexico): Beginning in the 1880s a private rail system developed in Mexico, many lines backed by American railroad interests. The original Mexican National Railway provided governemt control, beginning in 1909, of the routes which linked Mexico City to the US Border at Ciudad Juarez and Nuevo Laredo. In 1938 the Mexican rail system was nationalized as the Ferrocarriles Nacionales de Mexico and served as the Mexican rail system until 1998, when the Mexican Government decided to privatize Mexico's railway.